What is Visual Art

What Is Theatre?

What we call theatre can take many forms — everything from a Shakespearean drama staged before an audience of thousands to a group improvisation in an elementary school classroom. All forms of theatre, however, include three essential elements: an actor, a story with a conflict, and an audience.

Theatre Terms

* Acting: the process of creating roles and characters in dramatic context

* Audience: one or more persons who observe actors in a scene or play

* Conflict: when the desires of two or more characters are opposed to each other

* Costume: an actor’s stage clothing

* Dialogue: words spoken by the characters in a play to communicate their thoughts, feelings, and actions

* Elements of drama: plot, character, theme, dialogue, music, and spectacle, according to Aristotle

* Plot: the structure of the action of a play

* Script: the written dialogue, description, and directions provided by the playwright

* Setting: the time and place in which the dramatic action occurs

* Theatre: the imitation or representation of life, performed for other people; the performance of dramatic literature

What Is Music?

Music is organized sound created to communicate an idea, feeling, or process.

Music Terms

* Articulation: how individual notes are attacked

* Design: the arrangement of musical parts; the form of the music

* Duration: music in time; the length of the sounds

* Dynamics: loudness and softness in music

* Expressive qualities: variables within performance parameters

* Melody: a planned succession of pitches; the tune

* Music: organized sound

* Pitch: the high and low qualities of music

* Rhythm: the patterns of sounds in relation to the steady beat

* Steady beat: the regular pulse of the music

* Tempo: the speed of the music

* Timbre: tone color; the distinctive quality of a given instrument, voice, or sound source

* Tonality: the combination of pitches as they function together

What Is Dance?

All dance — whether it is about a story, a culture, a specific style, a feeling, or movement for movement’s sake — involves a body in motion. All styles of dance communicate using the basic elements of time, space, and shape.

Dance Terms

* Chant: singing or speaking that repeats itself

* Choreographer: person who creates the dance

* Choreography: the dance movements

* Cue: a signal

* Freeze: stopping all movement

* Shape: using the body to create lines

* Space: the locations occupied by the body; for example, low, middle, and high levels or negative and positive space

* Time: the cadence or meter that determines the motion, which can be slow, medium, or fast

* Transition: the passage among ideas, places, thoughts, and stages

What Is Visual Art?

Definitions of visual art vary depending on cultural context and personal viewpoints. As students develop a personal understanding of art, it is important that they support their opinions with evidence.

The fourth lesson in Program 1 models an approach to art called aesthetics. As the Learner Teams and students created definitions of art, they were, in essence, engaging in philosophical inquiry.

Visual Art Terms

* Art: the conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the sense of beauty

* Composition: design manipulation — balance, repetition, movement, unity, and center of interest

* Craftsmanship: quality of design and technique

* Elements of art: components artists often manipulate — line, color, shape/form, value, texture, and space

* Intent: the mood, message, or meaning desired by the artist

* Performance art: a form of theatrical art in which thematically related works in a variety of media are presented simultaneously or successively to an audience

* Technique: materials and working methods used by artists