5. Seals from the Indus Valley

These seals made so long ago had a purpose. They identified their owner. At this time in the history of the Middle East people were creating trade routes. We know this because these seals impresses in to a malleable material were found in villages along this trade route. Many of the seals were made from tan steatite.

Each seal has its own story and had to follow a predefined pattern. Take a moment and look at the pattern in the first seal and compare it to the second seal.


What do you notice about their sameness and their differences?


When you compare these two you can see the unicorn and another mythic figure. There are lots of differences between these two seals. The first is very static with an elegant saddle blanket and some honorary stand to the left.

The second seal is full of energy, with heads going everywhere and little language. I suspect how the seal looked was up to the artist, and I don’t know if that is true.



There is a lot of variety in this collection of seals. A spotted something and an elephant.


I don’t know when seals became elongated or angled. I would like to know what the writing is about.


This is just a simple set of weights used all over India, at least. One can see the artists eye as each kind and block of stone was created to weigh exactly what it should weigh in order for merchants to know they are getting the correct amount.

The only art from this period is very small.