Early Turkey

Did Plaster Hold Neolithic Society Together?

Michael Balter Recent studies around a 9500-year-old settlement suggest it was built in the middle of marshland. How then did its inhabitants grow their food? ÇATALHÖYÜK, TURKEY–Sometimes the sun burns so brightly

1. Introduction to Catal Hoyuk

      The world of Early Villages is a time when roaming people in the Middle East and Asia learned how to plant the food they needed. The other thing they

2. Where is Catal Hoyuk?

In this case we are in the Middle East. This map shows Turkey in the color blue, and you can see where it is in relation to the rest of the world.

3. Fly Over Catal Hoyuk

Where in the world are we?             At the moment we are flying over the huge mound which was the village of Catal Hoyuk. From the window

4. Architecture

As we begin the process of understanding what life might have been like so long ago, it is important to walk into the life as it might have been at 6,000 B.C.

5. Chapels

Art, Life, and Religion The idea of spirit and a chapel is a new idea for people living at this time.   Spiritual life starts long before villages came into being. Where

6. Sculpture

The Great Mother This sculpture is called The Great Mother. There are a number of statues that look like this. Many were found during the excavation. Some had no heads which suggests

7. Every Day Things

  One of the first places archeologists explore is the trash heap. It is clay pots that call them. The pieces of pottery are cleaned carefully and put back together again. Because

8. Catal Hoyuk – Archeology

Earlier on we saw the first dig and how things looked with just a few people working the dig. Much has changed now as more people are interested in this small village

9. Paintings of Catal Hoyuk

This is an idea about what life on the roof tops of Catal Hoyuk would have been. During the dig there was a painter living there who had the job of painting

11. Catal Hoyuk – Today

Catal Hoyuk looks like a beautiful place to me. Note that the tall mountain looks a lot like their drawing on the map. Do you agree? This view gives one an idea

A Brief History of Catal Hoyuk

K. Kris Hirst, About.com Urban Life in Neolithic Anatolia On the yellow plains of central Anatolia lie the remains of one of the oldest civilizations on earth. Called Çatalhöyük (which has been

The First Cities

Why Settle Down? The Mystery of Communities Michael Balter Archaeologists had long believed that farming prompted our nomadic ancestors into the first settlements. But how could the rudimentary agriculture of 9000 years

3. Layers Of Clustered Apartments Hide Artifacts Of Ancient Urban Life

David Perlman, Chronicle Science Editor Monday, April 18, 2005 In the long, long history of humanity’s shift from tiny clans of hunter-gatherers to settled societies of crowded city dwellers, no step was

Introduction to Catal Hoyuk’s Religion

Introduction to Catal Hoyuk’s Religion The issue of religion and spiritual thinking in evident in the finds at Catal Hoyuk. You will see something that might have been a chapel. What we

Annotated Bibliography – Catal Hoyuk

Çatalhöyük: A Reading List What follows here is to my mind a very extensive reading list in a number of languages. Follow your own path through the process of finding what you

10. Catal Hoyuk-Paintings

People who make paintings often paint things from different points of view. This is a look at what might have been a chapel, done in black and white. In this chapel you