5,000 BCE

Scara Brae

Europe’s lost civilization « on: April 02, 2008, 02:23:47 PM »   SKARA BRAE In 1866 on the Orkney Islands, a storm uncovered a group of neolithic structures on the west coast

“The Orkney Imagination is haunted by time”
 George Mackay Brown   The Orkney Islands have a long and colourful history. It is no exaggeration to say that the isles are a place

Extraordinary claims. Ordinary investigations.

  http://forgetomori.com/2008/skepticism/dogu-figures-jomon-jedi/   Dogu figures: Jomon Jedi? April 22nd, 2008 by Mori Long before the invention of agriculture or the domestication of animals, the Japanese already lived on villages and cooked their

Early Japanese Pottery

Of all the kinds of artifacts which may be found at archaeological sites, ceramics are surely one of the most important. Ceramic artifacts are extremely durable, and may last tens of thousands

The Invention Of Pottery

From K. Kris Hirst, A Brief Introduction to the Ceramic Art Of all the kinds of artifacts which may be found at archaeological sites, ceramics–objects made from fired clay–are surely one of

Ritual and religion in Skara Brae

For obvious reasons, we can only guess at the religious beliefs of the inhabitants of Skara Brae. They left no record of their beliefs and religious practices, so we are forced to

Skara Brae: An Ancient Egyptian Settlement

This is a thought provoking article and it is up to you to sort fact from fiction.   Ancient Egyptians and the Constellations Part 23 Skara Brae, dating back 3100 – 2600BC,

The Central Hearth

http://www.orkneyjar.com/history/skarabrae/hearth.htm Winter in Orkney is long and dark. As such it has always been the time when folk gathered around the fire to talk, tell stories and make music. It is not

Did Plaster Hold Neolithic Society Together?

Michael Balter Recent studies around a 9500-year-old settlement suggest it was built in the middle of marshland. How then did its inhabitants grow their food? ÇATALHÖYÜK, TURKEY–Sometimes the sun burns so brightly

7. North Africa Rock Art

Tassili N’Ajjer 6,000 B.C. The folks who write about this part of Africa frequently compare this area to a lunar landscape. It was once lush and green. It is now hot, dry,

1. Introduction – Japan

How did the first people get to Japan? Believe it or not I have found that there were two land bridges to Japan. The Bering land bridge from Russia to Canada and

2. Maps of Japan

Maps for Japan Where in the world are we? In this case the thing that affected the growth of a culture is somewhat different than it was in countries which have a

3. Ancient Pots

This section is presented as a way for you to see the changes in early pots. It is my thesis that pottery started as a simple, undecorated piece. I think that as

4. Flame Pots

The Jomon lasted from 10,000BC-300BC That is a very long time. In societies in the time noted are pre-literate. Artists often had a prototype which they followed closely. From time to time

5. Dogu Figures

Each culture comes to terms with the idea of spirits in their own way. When we fear the weather, snow, tsunamis, earth quakes, we ask one or another way of asking why

6. Architecture From The Jomon Era

What we have here is two models of a ancient village in Japan. These mock ups of the village is used here as a point of reference.     Thatch is the

Ancient Japanese Pottery

A Snapshot of the Origins of Japanese Ceramics. Jomon ware Ancient Japanese pottery can be traced to the Jomon period, which dates from 10,000BCE to 300BCE in Japan. During this time it

Pottery of Ancient Japan

The world’s earliest pottery may be from Japan where, at Odai Yamamoto on northern Honshu, shards have been found C14 dated to 13,000 BP, calibrated 16,000 years old, and confirmed by AMS

History of Japan

Although the Japanese do not settle Japan until the third century B.C., humans had lived in Japan from about 30,000 B.C.. For Japan was not always an island. During the Ice Ages,

Jomon Culture (ca. 10,500–ca. 300 B.C.)

Department of Asian Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art The Jomon period, which encompasses a great expanse of time, constitutes Japan’s Neolithic period. Its name is derived from the “cord markings” that

A Venus Figure

Dogu: Japanese clay figure                Handa  Haruhisa Dogu is a clay figure frequently discovered from remains of the Jomon era throughout Japan. Today’s lecture explores the roles of these figures in the life of

1. Introduction to Ancient China

The ancient villages in China developed some amazing pots. Welcome to the village of Banpo China.  It is being excavated now. We will look at the things made during this early village

2. Where In The World Are We?

We will visit the town of Banpo which is located in China.The world map shows you where Huang Ho is in China.  In this map you can see Asia. Compare the size

3. Banpo Archeology

                                                       Archeology of Banpo We don’t have any images of the beginning work on this site. We do know that archeologists work very slowly and carefully as they remove anything, including dirt.

4. Banpo Architecture

As early as the neolithic period, a basic principle of Chinese architecture was already established, wherein columns spaced at intervals, rather than walls, provided the support for the roof. Walls came to

5. Banpo – Everyday Things

Once a group learned that if clay was fired it would last until it was broken some major changes took place. What do think changed? How do you think the invention of

6. Ancient Chinese Pottery

The ancient art of pottery (ceramics) has a rich history. In this case you will look at very early examples of pottery from China. For a moment look at the pot at

7. The Flutes of Ancient China

Flutes were found in China. They are considered to be the first musical instrument made by man. This is a complex subject. As we move around the world it is noticeable how

8. A Brief Look At Jade

The Study of Jade can be a long and thoughtful process. There are many kinds of jade. Jade was used for many things in Ancient China. “Jade has influenced all walks of

An Overview of Banpo’s Neolithic Village

  Interested in ancient Chinese civilization? Banpo Neolithic Village is a place you must visit. It is located in Xian where we can trace early civilizations in China back to over 6,000

Banpo Museum

The Banpo Museum is located some three miles to the east of Xi’an City in Shaanxi Province. It is near the bridge that crosses the river, long renowned as one of the

Earliest writing found in China

Signs carved into 8,600-year-old tortoise shells found in China may be the earliest written words, say archaeologists. First attempt at writing on a tortoise shell The symbols were laid down in the

9,000 Year Old Chinese Flutes

Read news accounts of the find / Hear the flute being played after 9,000 years / OLDEST PLAYABLE MUSICAL INSTRUMENT FOUND AT JIAHU EARLY NEOLITHIC SITE IN CHINA JUZHONG ZHANG*”, GARMAN HARBOTTLE,

Chinese Jade from Ancient Times to the Present

The wise have likened jade to virtue. For them, its polish and brilliancy represent the whole of purity; its perfect compactness and extreme hardness represent the sureness of intelligence; its angles, which

Early River Valley Civilizations

Approximately 5000 years ago the first complex, politically centralized civilizations began to crystallize independently along a number of river valleys throughout the southern half of Asia and northern Africa .  These civilizations

Chinese Writing:Traditions and Transformations

Description  : An introduction to the history of Chinese characters and writing. Most of the world’s languages are written alphabetically; in an alphabetic writing system the basic components represent sounds only without

Music of the Neaderthals

It’s the last place you’d expect to find a marine biologist from Wood’s Hole: deep in a painted cave in France, playing a stone-age bone flute by candlelight. As Jelle Atema told

Pottery, Another Look

Pottery may be the oldest artwork of human beings. As far back as the Neolithic Age (more than 8,000 years ago), people began mixing clay and water then baking it until it

Rice And Early Agriculture In China

Today, 11% of the world’s arable land is planted in rice. This staple grain provides half the diet for 1.6 billion people; an additional 400 million people depend on the plant for

Stone Age China

The first people (leaving out Neanderthal-type pre-humans) seem to have reached China about 50,000BC. This is about the same time as the first people in Europe. These people lived in caves, made

Study Guide China

What follows here is a great way to think about China. World History Chapters 3 & 4 Study Guide China Exam 1. Why did the ancient Chinese believe that China was the

Yangshao Culture

Yangshao Culture In the Middle and Lower Yellow River Valley is YangShao Culture.Here agriculture was practiced. Pottery was made with geometric patterns and baked at 1000-1500 degrees C. No potter’s wheel. A

The Yangshao Project

To Neolithic China and back! The Yangshao project. This article was orginally published in Benbiten (Bone fragment) number 1-2, 2007, the (Swedish) Osteological association’s periodical. Stockholm.Sweden. More information on the Yangshaoproject is availible

1. Introduction to Catal Hoyuk

      The world of Early Villages is a time when roaming people in the Middle East and Asia learned how to plant the food they needed. The other thing they

2. Where is Catal Hoyuk?

In this case we are in the Middle East. This map shows Turkey in the color blue, and you can see where it is in relation to the rest of the world.

3. Fly Over Catal Hoyuk

Where in the world are we?             At the moment we are flying over the huge mound which was the village of Catal Hoyuk. From the window

4. Architecture

As we begin the process of understanding what life might have been like so long ago, it is important to walk into the life as it might have been at 6,000 B.C.

5. Chapels

Art, Life, and Religion The idea of spirit and a chapel is a new idea for people living at this time.   Spiritual life starts long before villages came into being. Where

6. Sculpture

The Great Mother This sculpture is called The Great Mother. There are a number of statues that look like this. Many were found during the excavation. Some had no heads which suggests

7. Every Day Things

  One of the first places archeologists explore is the trash heap. It is clay pots that call them. The pieces of pottery are cleaned carefully and put back together again. Because

8. Catal Hoyuk – Archeology

Earlier on we saw the first dig and how things looked with just a few people working the dig. Much has changed now as more people are interested in this small village

9. Paintings of Catal Hoyuk

This is an idea about what life on the roof tops of Catal Hoyuk would have been. During the dig there was a painter living there who had the job of painting

11. Catal Hoyuk – Today

Catal Hoyuk looks like a beautiful place to me. Note that the tall mountain looks a lot like their drawing on the map. Do you agree? This view gives one an idea

A Brief History of Catal Hoyuk

K. Kris Hirst, About.com Urban Life in Neolithic Anatolia On the yellow plains of central Anatolia lie the remains of one of the oldest civilizations on earth. Called Çatalhöyük (which has been

The First Cities

Why Settle Down? The Mystery of Communities Michael Balter Archaeologists had long believed that farming prompted our nomadic ancestors into the first settlements. But how could the rudimentary agriculture of 9000 years

3. Layers Of Clustered Apartments Hide Artifacts Of Ancient Urban Life

David Perlman, Chronicle Science Editor Monday, April 18, 2005 In the long, long history of humanity’s shift from tiny clans of hunter-gatherers to settled societies of crowded city dwellers, no step was

Introduction to Catal Hoyuk’s Religion

Introduction to Catal Hoyuk’s Religion The issue of religion and spiritual thinking in evident in the finds at Catal Hoyuk. You will see something that might have been a chapel. What we

Annotated Bibliography – Catal Hoyuk

Çatalhöyük: A Reading List What follows here is to my mind a very extensive reading list in a number of languages. Follow your own path through the process of finding what you

Undiscovered Scotland

Most people have heard of Skara Brae, and most will have seen it in image and in imagination long before visiting. As a result we approached it with some trepidation. A visit

Daily Life in Skara Brae

There is no doubt that life in Skara Brae must have been that of a close, tightly knit community. Their houses followed a standard plan, with the furniture laid out in a

The Facts About Skara Brae

Skara Brae Prehistoric Village http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/index/places/propertyresults/propertyabout.htm?PropID=PL_244&PropName=Skara%20Brae%20Prehistoric%20Village One of the best preserved groups of prehistoric houses in Western Europe, part of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site. Skara Brae Prehistoric Village Northern

The History Of Masonry

Ingval Maxwell Director of Technical, Conservation, Research and Education, Historic Scotland. Prehistory The introduction of farming into Scotland during the Neolithic period created a demand for permanent structures from about 4000BC. Dating

The Orkney Imagination

The Central Hearth

History Channel Video Clips of Skara Brae

The video clips may take a few minutes to load. These video clips are exceptionally well done. The first one takes you into the village. The second deals with an exceptional find

1. Introduction North America

  Prehistory is an idea that helps folks deal with the idea of time, especially ancient time. In some places around the globe dating has been more certain.. Now that is not

2. Maps of the South West

You will find many different maps as you move through this page!      

3. Barrier Canyon

We start our walk about the great Southwest where people have lived from about 9,000 B.C. The land is beautiful; it is dry (don’t forget to bring water). We don’t know just

4. Horseshoe Canyon

Horseshoe Canyon and Barrier Canyon are often spoken about as one in the same. I have done my best to separate them out. This is another great panel with many different ways

5. Canyon de Chelly – Architecture

Imagine yourself living at the bottom of this huge rock cliff. These ruins are very famous because of the beauty of the setting. The houses were built deep into the cliff faces.

6. Nine Mile Canyon Part One

Some of the work we find on these wonderful canyon walls tell us about what might be a spirit world. The ghosts are stately or the weave in and out as we

7. Nine Mile Canyon Part Two

People seem to be having much more fun here. Things sticking out of one person’s head. One figure upside down to catch or hit the ball and a bunch of ducks waddling

8.Grand Gulch Primate Area

8.Grand Gulch Primate Area   The feeling of the images from the Grand Gulch Primate Area very different from the feeling one gets from the images at Barrier Canyon. The credit for

9. Newspaper Rock

What does this one rock tell us about the great South West? Was the petroglyphs here done before Columbus arrived or after? What evidence do you have to support your thesis? If

10. Baja California

I think it is important to find out where we are by looking at some maps. If you find North America on this world map you are hot. Above the pink spot

11. Moonhouse Cedar Mesa

And how did they live in these vast spaces? We will walk about Cedar Mesa. Think about crawling in one of these rooms And from the inside out. Can you see the

12. Blythe Intaglios

There are great mysteries in many places in the world. There only two great intaglios in the world that I know about. The most famous are Peru. You can not see them

Blackwater Draw (ca. 9500–3000 B.C.)

As the Pleistocene, or Ice Age, was ending and the earth was drying out, there was a profound change in the environment across North America. Hunters in North America pursued large animals

Diamonds Show Comet Struck North America

Diamonds show comet struck North America, scientists say The impact caused an ice age that killed some mammal species and many humans 12,900 years ago, researchers report. They say the discovery of

1. Where is Skara Brae?

In this map Europe is in purple. Skara Brae is a tiny island off the northern coast of Scotland. Scotland begins at England’s northern border.   Although a bit difficult to find

Timeline North America

From Lewis C. Messenger   1. Paleo-Indian Era 15,000 B.C. – 7000 B.C. • Lived in small mobile groups • Hunted various animals with spears tipped with flint points • May have

A brief Chronology of the South West

D.K. Jordan Note: Insofar as possible, this chronology follows the Pecos Classification of 1927, which is still used as the most general standard of reference for Southwestern archaeology, despite its round-number dates

People Of The Ancient Great Plains

A.The Great Plains, perhaps more than any other area of North America, has come to provide popular imagery of Native American peoples—clichés and erroneous stereotypes. B.While it is true that during a

The Great Gallery

Horseshoe Canyon, formerly known as Barrier Canyon, is in a remote area west of the Green River and north of the Canyonlands National Park Maze District in Utah, USA. It is known

Nine Mile Canyon

Quick Facts: This 40-mile-long canyon is full of Archaic, Fremont and Ute rock art, historical ranches and structures. Location: 20 miles north of Wellington, UT Services: Wilderness area, one day area offers

Oldest North American Mummy

Volume 49 Number 5, September/October 1996 by Lara J. Asher A mummy excavated in 1940 and stored at the Nevada State Museum in Carson City was recently dated to ca. 7420 B.C.,

Most Frequently Asked Questions About Cave Art

Petroglyphs and Pictographs.? What are they Pictographs and petroglyphs. Indian signs and symbols that we call rock art. They are the recorded symbols of events in the lives of the prehistoric humans.

Digging Into The Desert’s Past

Most of America’s national parks protect natural wonders—mountains, forests, lakes, canyons, caves, rivers, seashores or islands. By contrast, the 7000-foot-high Mesa Verde National Park, located in southwestern Colorado, was the very first

The Native American Peoples of Our Western Deserts

In the archaeological record of roughly 2000 to 1300 years ago, we can follow the story of the desert people’s emergence from their Archaic past, their transition to a lifestyle characterized less

Great Basin Cultural Area

Introduction The Great Basin is a land of great environmental diversity and dramatic contrasts — high mountains and arid plains, deep canyons and occasional bountiful lakes — comprising some 400,000 square miles

Great Basin People

PIECING TOGETHER THE PAST The greatest challenge to studying past Peoples is that there is no one here to tell us their stories, to speak their languages, to dance their dances for

The Anasazi

Spanish explorers first encountered the southwestern Native American tribes in the 1540s. There were three major Native American cultures in the southwest: the Hohokam, who were an agricultural group located in the

The Anasazi, People of the Mountains, Mesas and Grasslands

Like their cultural kin – the Mogollon and the Hohokam – in the deserts to the south, the earliest Anasazi peoples felt the currents of revolutionary change during the first half of

Prehistoric Migration of American Indians

This section on North America owes a great deal to Mr. Eddins Artifacts and skeletal remains of Cro-Magnon (modern man) did not appear in Africa until about 50,000 B.C.. By 40,000 B.C.

Geoglyphs of the SW Desert

Reprinted from the Mar-Aprl 2003 issue of Southwest Aviator Magazine (page 62). Southwest Aviator Story and Photos By Ron Kilber Wednesday, January 22, 2003 A few years after Charles Lindbergh flew his

The Anthills of Orion: Ancient Star Beings of the Hopi

The Anthills of Orion: Ancient Star Beings of the Hopi by Gary A. David (published by Atlantis Rising, # 48, Nov./Dec. 2004 under the title ìThe Ant People of Orionî)   Who

Chaco Culture 800AD-1200AD

Chaco Culture National Historical Park preserves one of America’s richest and most facinating cultural and historic areas. In Chaco Canyon, a desert valley in northwestern New Mexico, between the early AD 800s

Mysterious Images on Stone

In the desert basins and mountain ranges of the Southwest and northern Mexico, you will discover, on the surfaces of boulders and rock exposures, galaxies of enigmatic figures chiseled or scribed or

Early Weapons and tools

CHAPTER 12 FIELD-EXPEDIENT WEAPONS, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT As a soldier you know the importance of proper care and use of your weapons, tools, and equipment. This is especially true of your knife.

Video Clips

Video Clips from You Tube The information to people by way of the Internet is growing and amazing. We all learn in different ways and you may enjoying seeing the information on