Articles about Mesopotamia

Timeline Sumeria

Sumerian Timeline Fifth millennium: Early developments in Sumer Fourth millennium: Protoliterate period Third millennium: Rival kings & periods of unification includes Early Dynastic, Sargonic, & Ur III periods Second millennium’s first half:

Art of Sumer

The Sumerians occupied the fertile lower valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now southern Iraq between 4000 and 2000 BC They migrated from an unknown place, possibly around

Sumerian Art

The city, the temple, and the palace complexes were all means to give physical expression to power. We begin to get a fairly complete building language-architectural vocabulary-from Mesopotamia. To begin…objects created 3000

Birth of a City

The first revolution — farming — led to the SECOND GREAT REVOLUTION in history. This revolution also occurred in MESOPOTAMIA and was THE BIRTH OF THE CITY. •More people were located in

A Brief History of Mesopotamia

Works of art and architecture created by the Sumerian and Babylonian peoples of ancient Mesopotamia, civilizations which had an artistic tradition of remarkable antiquity, variety, and richness. See also Hittite art and


As  you will discover or have already discovered history is usually a series of wars. It is important to know these things so that you can understand the impact of war on

Apocrypha: The Sumerians and Akkadians

“It happened, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of Elohim saw that the daughters of men were beautiful,

The Separation of Heaven and Earth

The Sumerians believed that in the beginning there was only the primeval sea, which they called Nammu (“Mankind’s Mother”). Nammu gave birth to An (“Heaven”) and Ki (“Earth”). It was the union

Man and the Primeval Sea

The oldest creation account of the Sumerians was found in Enlil’s ancient city of Nippur, and is known as the Nippur Tablet or Eridu Genesis. Although Nippur seems to have been the

Son Rise

The first king of Eridu ruled for 28,800 years, at least according to all the Sumerian king lists. The ages of the Biblical Patriarchs can defy imagination, but the ancient kings of

The Seven Heavens and a Wizards’ Duel

After Dumuzi the Shepherd’s reign, kingship was taken to Larak, then Sippar, and then Shuruppak. According to the Sumerian king lists the flood occurred well over 30,000 years ago and just like

Zeus Steals the Tablets of Destiny

It appears that Ensuhgirana wasn’t as complacent as he let on because another tale, Lugal-Banda in the Mountain Cave, also called Lugal-Banda and Mount Hurrum, begins with Enmerkar preparing an expedition against

The Cup Bearer Who Became King

Bronze head of Sharru-Kin (Sargon) from Nineveh After Gilgamesh, 7 more kings are recorded as ruling over Sumer and Akkad from Uruk, each one reigning a pitiful 6 to 30 years a

Empire of the Moon

The Gutians were the real beneficiaries of the Akkadian Empire’s downfall, although Uruk held out for another 30 years or so before it was the next to fall beneath Gutian rule. The

Gilgamesh Kills the Snake and Cuts Down the Tree of Knowledge

Amongst all the myth and folklore surrounding Lugal-Bandaís adventure, one thing we can take for granted is that the general was given a promotion due to what happened during the campaign against

Cuneiform writing

Introduction: Cuneiform writing was most probably invented in Uruk in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) about 3400 – 3300 BCE (Glassner 2003:45). It was invented to keep records of goods and services, and