3,000 BCE

The Epic of Gilgamesh Tablet 2

The Epic of Gilgamesh       Tablet II   Enkidu sits in front of her.     [The next 30 lines are missing; some of the fragmentary lines from 35 on

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics Wynne Parry, LiveScience Senior Writer   |   May 02, 2012 10:41am ET 26 0 No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems

If the Stones Could Speak Searching for the Meaning of Stonehenge

If the Stones Could Speak Searching for the Meaning of Stonehenge By Caroline Alexander National Geographic Contributing Writer Photograph by Ken Geiger National Geographic Staff The first glimpse often comes from the

When Stones Speak

No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems to have been arranged to face the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset. Credit: Pete Strasser | nasa.gov The stone slabs of

“When Stonehenge was built”

Research finds Stonehenge was monument marking unification of Britain After 10 years of archaeological investigations, researchers have concluded that Stonehenge was built as a monument to unify the peoples of Britain, after

Bhimbetka Caves have recorded the human history over some 300,000 years – or may be even 700,000 and more years!

It is amazing and even hard to grasp –Bhimbetka Caves have recorded the human history over some 300,000 years – or may be even 700,000 and more years! These caves contain the oldest

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics Wynne Parry, LiveScience Senior Writer   |   May 02, 2012 10:41am ET   No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems to

Druids: Introduction

Druids: Introduction http://www.stonehenge-druids.org/druids.html                           Introduction Many of the first time visitors to this site are just curious or perhaps are


6 Ancient Tributes to the Winter Solstice By Laura Poppick, Staff Writer   |   December 21, 2013 07:43am ET     This weekend marks the beginning of the end. Of winter’s darkness, that

Stonehenge: a digital laser scan

Maev Kennedy The Guardian, Monday 8 October 2012 Stonehenge: a digital laser scan has revealed tool marks from 4,500 years ago, and graffiti made by Victorian visitors. Like any corner-cutting modern builder,

The Amesbury Archer

The Amesbury Archer Early Bronze Age, about 2400-2200 BC Found at Amesbury, Wiltshire, England On a Friday morning in May 2002, archaeologists from Wessex Archaeology were excavating at Amesbury in advance of

1. Introduction

The huge stones that various countries have made remain something of a mystery.                   This is Stonehenge in England. This amazing place was build

2. Maps of Early England

It is always good to know where the objects are that are under discussion.                       There are thousands of Standing Stones which

Sounds from Flutes may have Inspired Stonehenge Design

    Sounds from Flutes may have Inspired Stonehenge Design by Alec Norton   February 18, 2012 07:00 PM EST 2 people recommend this | comments: 7   Simply put: If two

3.The standing stones in England

  Stonehenge  Think huge. This is one of the places which we cannot tell where the people of this apparently sacred place came from. What we do know is that there are

Timeline Sumeria

Sumerian Timeline Fifth millennium: Early developments in Sumer Fourth millennium: Protoliterate period Third millennium: Rival kings & periods of unification includes Early Dynastic, Sargonic, & Ur III periods Second millennium’s first half:

Information about Clay figures and toys

|by Sharri Clark| This article is hear so that you can have more information about the clay figures and toys from Harappa 1. A group of terracotta figurines from Harappa. After many

Early Developments of Art, Symbol and Technology in the Indus Valley Tradition

| by  Jonathan Mark Kenoyer | | Introduction | Archaeologists studying the emergence of early civilizations often focus on finely crafted art objects in order to understand aspects of economic, socio-political and religious organization. The

Art of Sumer

The Sumerians occupied the fertile lower valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now southern Iraq between 4000 and 2000 BC They migrated from an unknown place, possibly around

Sumerian Art

The city, the temple, and the palace complexes were all means to give physical expression to power. We begin to get a fairly complete building language-architectural vocabulary-from Mesopotamia. To begin…objects created 3000

Birth of a City

The first revolution — farming — led to the SECOND GREAT REVOLUTION in history. This revolution also occurred in MESOPOTAMIA and was THE BIRTH OF THE CITY. •More people were located in

A Brief History of Mesopotamia

Works of art and architecture created by the Sumerian and Babylonian peoples of ancient Mesopotamia, civilizations which had an artistic tradition of remarkable antiquity, variety, and richness. See also Hittite art and


As  you will discover or have already discovered history is usually a series of wars. It is important to know these things so that you can understand the impact of war on

Apocrypha: The Sumerians and Akkadians

“It happened, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of Elohim saw that the daughters of men were beautiful,

The Separation of Heaven and Earth

The Sumerians believed that in the beginning there was only the primeval sea, which they called Nammu (“Mankind’s Mother”). Nammu gave birth to An (“Heaven”) and Ki (“Earth”). It was the union

Man and the Primeval Sea

The oldest creation account of the Sumerians was found in Enlil’s ancient city of Nippur, and is known as the Nippur Tablet or Eridu Genesis. Although Nippur seems to have been the

Son Rise

The first king of Eridu ruled for 28,800 years, at least according to all the Sumerian king lists. The ages of the Biblical Patriarchs can defy imagination, but the ancient kings of

The Seven Heavens and a Wizards’ Duel

After Dumuzi the Shepherd’s reign, kingship was taken to Larak, then Sippar, and then Shuruppak. According to the Sumerian king lists the flood occurred well over 30,000 years ago and just like

Zeus Steals the Tablets of Destiny

It appears that Ensuhgirana wasn’t as complacent as he let on because another tale, Lugal-Banda in the Mountain Cave, also called Lugal-Banda and Mount Hurrum, begins with Enmerkar preparing an expedition against

The Cup Bearer Who Became King

Bronze head of Sharru-Kin (Sargon) from Nineveh After Gilgamesh, 7 more kings are recorded as ruling over Sumer and Akkad from Uruk, each one reigning a pitiful 6 to 30 years a

Empire of the Moon

The Gutians were the real beneficiaries of the Akkadian Empire’s downfall, although Uruk held out for another 30 years or so before it was the next to fall beneath Gutian rule. The

Gilgamesh Kills the Snake and Cuts Down the Tree of Knowledge

Amongst all the myth and folklore surrounding Lugal-Bandaís adventure, one thing we can take for granted is that the general was given a promotion due to what happened during the campaign against

Cuneiform writing

Introduction: Cuneiform writing was most probably invented in Uruk in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) about 3400 – 3300 BCE (Glassner 2003:45). It was invented to keep records of goods and services, and

Early River Valley Civilizations

Approximately 5000 years ago the first complex, politically centralized civilizations began to crystallize independently along a number of river valleys throughout the southern half of Asia and northern Africa .  These civilizations

1. Introduction-Ancient Indus Valley

At one time India and Pakistan were together as one country, therefore, Ancient Pakistan is set in both countries. One of the interesting things about Early Villages of the Indus Valley is

2. Maps for Ancient Indus Valley

As we move around the world of early villages we need to know just where we are. This first map gives you an idea of the different parts of the world we

3. Terra Cotta Figures Indus Valley

Terra-cotta Figures Terra-cotta Figures tell us something about how people dressed at about 3,000 BCE. Because clay survives over centuries archeologists are able to find statues There are a lot of notice

4. Toys from the Indus Valley

This culture seemed to have a love of animals as well as children. Different from the cave paintings around the world these sculptures do not bring to mind a need to hunt

5. Seals from the Indus Valley

These seals made so long ago had a purpose. They identified their owner. At this time in the history of the Middle East people were creating trade routes. We know this because

6. Every Day Things

Through the world over time people have made things with which to adorn themselves. Here are two lovely pieces. Through out the world pottery is the best way to know just what

7. Architecture of the Indus Valley

We start our day looking back into the mists of time.Keep in mind that time is a very complex idea. What did this place like thousands of years age? People build complex

8. This Is A Story

The boy opened his eyes to the warm morning sun. He watched it sneak across the hard earth floor of his room and up the plastered walls. In the corner of the

Lesson Plan for Indus Valley

Talk with the children about the past and how the present is different.                                  Then show them the page with the ancient toys Here are some questions you might like to ask.