7. Architecture of the Indus Valley

We start our day looking back into the mists of time.Keep in mind that time is a very complex idea.
What did this place like thousands of years age?
People build complex cities here.
What did this place look like and why did they fall down?


Then the Harappa and Mohenjo Daro village might have looked a bit like this. Farming the flood plains was the back bone of early villages. The people lived close to mighty rivers.


The world was often brown and harsh after the flood subsided. Although this is a picture of things today, you can imagine the same place in 4,000 BC or so.


The world was often brown and harsh after the flood subsided. Although this is a picture of things today,you can imagine the same place in 4,000 BC or so.


Here you are with the bricks. Note that they are stacked without anything to hold them together. You can see that some of the bricks come from mud colored red and some come from gray clay.

This spot is given its name because of the shape of the
architecture on the top of a hill.

Here we see it again from a different point of view.


What are we supposed to learn from this picture?

Notice how Many hundreds and hundreds of bricks you see that formed the city.

How much would be using it took to fire all the bricks that it took to make this city?

Why is that important question?

Think about it as you continue through this lesson.

The people of India created a great bath in the center of the village.
Some of these baths are being used today. The Indus valley people were
great city planners and engineers. They built great drainage
systems to carry waste water away.


The village well was also an architectural wonder line with the bricks used in the rest of the town.

The excavation of a well.


And another example of a well.
Why do cities need well

And here is an example of how the architects design the drainage
system from the great Bath. Keep in mind that the water had to flow
freely in the great bath had to be cleaned from time to time.


This shows you the downhill levels and the cantilevered places to protect the drainage.

The entire village had drainage systems for all kinds of waste. He kept this ancient city cleaner then cities in Europe thousands of years later.


Along the way we found these young children dressed as they are today.


This is what is called a cistern, built to hold a large supply of water. Water within the village is needed for everything from cooking to taking care of animals. In this case of course there was a huge amount of water needed for the great Bath.


And can you guess what this is?

It is a toilet. And you can see how the drainage system worked there. A marvelous invention.


And these are the huge slabs they were used to cover the drainage system. You see that there were spaces for rainwater to add to the efficiency of the drainage. This would have been a way to keep down the natural smell that comes from the decomposition of the things washing out of the city.


Although this is the modern picture it shows the way that bricks might have been held together in ancient time.


And here we take it by too a brief view of the ancient cities of the earliest time in India, a Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.