3.The standing stones in England
Stonehenge Think huge.
This is one of the places which we cannot tell where the people of this apparently sacred place came from. What we do know is that there are standing stones in many places around the world. The first built-in 9000 B.C.E. and Gobi Tecate. Each set of standing stones are different and the building Stonehenge was connected to the soltice. in this case a portion of these great stones were carved in such a way that the sun on the day of the solstice would come through to the center of, in this case Stonehenge.
There are standing in many places around the world. Archaeologists want to know how stones from miles awayarrived at Stonehenge.
We are generally interested in what they mean, what one felt like to be within the center of the standing stones, andhow the great stones got there.
Many are history books do not talk about stonehinge at all because the writers of art history books have to
consider the number of pages they can use and whether the image they are talking about is fairly clear.
What impression of Stonehenge do you get from this single image?
What you are looking at are station stones, blue stones,post stone holes, and Aubery Stones named out to the person who discovered them in the 17th century. You can see Stonehenge has been ravaged in a number of ways. Many thousands of visitors who can no longer get close to Stonehenge are still grateful that there are still some standing stones.
Why can’t people wander around Stone Henge?
The images above give you a map of Stonehenge. You can now identify those stones which have fallen.
What do you think is the most important thing there?
As we look at Stonehenge from a birds eye view it is important to note those stones that are on top of the standing stones,called lintels and wonder how they got
The stones we see here seems to envelop one. There are stones called lintles high on the tops. Notice the shadows.
What impact do the shadows have on your idea of Stone Henge? These next pictures will give you various parts of stonehenge from the air and then on ground.
The questions you might want to think about are:
How many of the great stones have fallen down?
How many stones are still connected by a lintel?
Why have they survived for such a long time?
How did the great stones get here?
The stones that we see here were completed about 3500 years ago which was the final building of this site. This picture of Stone Henge shows use the stones as close as possible.
The first stonehenge was a large earthwork comprising a ditch, bank and most likely built around 3100 BC E
Why were these huge stones quarried and then dragged to this particular place?
What happened to so many of these great stones?
This question is thought about by archeologists around the world. Academics think about this spiritual aspect of these very impressive monuments. In the beginning these people put in great deal of thought into what they wanted their spiritual center to be. The Early people around the globe spent time looking at the stars and discovering things they saw in the brilliant heavens. In this very ancient time the stars were particularly bright because there was no competition from lights on land. These people discovered that there were soltices four times a year. Many ancient civilizations built standing stones so that the sun would appear between a particular set of stones at the time of a solstice.
On of the many ways academics today attempt to understand parts of the ancient world is to create something similar. Part of your job as a student is to spot those images which are not from the site under discussion.
What is there about this image of Stonehenge that tells you it is not the original Stonehenge?
Stonehenge is re-created as it would have been when the building of the site was complete.
What I suggest that you wonder about is that we have an image that is so such like Stonehenge.
Think about the hundreds of years it took to create Stonehenge.
Why did people work for thousands of years on a project that takes the work of hundreds of very strong men to move the huge stones when they knew they would never see them?
The work that these early stone masons is astonishing. The developed a way to secure one lintel to another by creating not only in their imagination but also in fact.
Without going into every detail, the sheer complexity of the enterprise to make an interlocking lintel ring that sits level on top of the joints of a ring of thirty uprights – on a slope – makes me wonder how on Earth it could have been executed so successfully. It may be clear to others, but I cannot see how you could fashion a few interlocking lintels and at the same time be certain that they would sit on the joints of the relevant uprights and curve at the correct angle without raising them and lowering them several times because minor corrections needed to be made. It would be difficult and frustrating enough in wood, but I understand that these lintels weighed something like eight tons each.
The major piece is the bottom standing stone. On the top of this stone is a bump and the piece at the left is constructed to be the last stone and adds greatly to the stability of the stone.
How did these people do this?
There are lots of answers in the attempts of modern day man to do just this. They have not been successful.
There are many pictures of Stonehenge at different times of day.
One thought about how these stones were brought is using the snow as a glide.