A Word to the Student

A Word to the Student Edit This Welcome to A Hypertext Course in Art History and Architecture This course is designed to supply you with a number of learning tools for exploring

Ancient Australia ‘deliberately’ settled April 2013Anna Salleh ABC hand stencils The findings come from a newly-calculated population curve for prehistoric Australia (Source: pamspix/iStockphoto) Related Stories Aboriginal DNA dates Australian arrival, Science Online, 23 Sep 2011 Ghosts of past haunt new gene project, Science Online, 03 Mar 2009 Aboriginal archaeologists take a stand, Science Online, 09 Dec 2008 Prehistoric Australia was settled by thousands, not just a handful, of humans, suggesting deliberate rather than accidental colonisation of the continent, according to new research. Archaeologist Alan Williams, of the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the Australian National University, reports his new model of population growth and decline today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. “This paper presents a new reconstruction of prehistoric population of Australia,” says Williams, whose publication is part of a PhD he is completing. He says previous regional models of Australia’s prehistoric population have suggested a small founding population of around 50 people. “Typically, the founding population has always been thought to be quite low — literally a family group or a small band of people accidentally getting here, for example on a raft,” says Williams. “But what this paper suggests is it probably would have taken 1000 to 3000 people to reach the numbers of Aboriginal people observed at time of [European] contact.” He says the findings suggest Aboriginal colonisation of Australia could have been deliberate rather than accidental. “A thousand plus [people] is not just a couple of guys falling off a raft — it’s something more than that.” Comprehensive population curve Williams’ new population curve spans around 50,000 years, leading up to the time of European contact. “I’ve accumulated radiocarbon data from every archaeological site I can get my hands on in Australia,” he says. “We’ve got about 5500 dates, which is the most comprehensive data base of that sort in Australia.” The findings support previous suggestions that the Aboriginal population peaked 500 years ago at around 1.2 million. The data also shows the population suffered an 8 per cent decline following contact with Macassans and Europeans after 1700. Also supported are previous findings that population levels were low during the Pleistocene, but rose substantially in the Holocene. Importantly, says Williams, his study was able to control for what is known as “taphonomic bias”, which is where more recent data is more plentiful because it hasn’t had a chance to degrade. Williams calculated the latest founding population size by extrapolating the new population curve backwards. “I’ve used an equation developed in America that converts the radiocarbon data into a percentage growth and decline of population value. I’ve then applied that data to founding population numbers,” he says. Climate change Williams says previous research found the rise in population in the Holocene happened in the second half of this epoch, following an intensification of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation pattern. He says this suggests the trials of climate variability led to innovation and thus population growth. But the latest research has found the rise in population started earlier in the Holocene — 11 to 12,000 years ago, which calls for other factors to explain the population rise, says Williams. The study shows during the glacial maximum 18,000 to 21,000 years ago, the population of around 3500 people fell dramatically. “Australia was incredibly arid and cool during that period and it would have been an incredibly hard place to live,” says Williams. “The data suggests we lost 60 per cent of the population then.” He says it took 9000 years for the population to recover to the same levels. Biases Archaeologist Associate Professor Joe Dortch from the University of Western Australia welcomes the research, but says a 2009 study, not cited by Williams, found that in the Pilbara region, the increase in population in the Holocene could be explained by taphonomic bias. He says radiocarbon dating is also subject to many other biases. “For example, Williams says, the majority of human activity was on the eastern seaboard of Australia. To me the concentration of dating in the east reflects the concentration of European populations, and hence archaeologists’ field projects,” says Dortch. “The distribution of Aboriginal language groups suggests the greatest concentrations of people were in fact in the Top End and the Kimberley. These areas are relatively difficult to access from centres of European-Australian population, and archaeological preservation in the tropics is quite mixed.” Dortch is currently working with geneticists to investigate the prehistoric population of Australia. He hopes that this method will provide more robust answers to questions such as the size of the founding po.pulation

Ancient Australia ‘deliberately’ settled Wednesday, 24 April 2013Anna Salleh ABC The findings come from a newly-calculated population curve for prehistoric Australia (Source: pamspix/iStockphoto) Related Stories Aboriginal DNA dates Australian arrival, Science Online, 23

Ancient Australia ‘deliberately’ settled

Ancient Australia ‘deliberately’ settled Wednesday, 24 April 2013Anna Salleh ABC The findings come from a newly-calculated population curve for prehistoric Australia (Source: pamspix/iStockphoto) Related Stories Aboriginal DNA dates Australian arrival, Science Online, 23

Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England

  Articles about Stonehenge   Edit This Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England       Photo: Maedin Tureaud   Stonehenge, on Salisbury plain in England, is one of the most recognizable monuments of the Neolithic world and

Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England

Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England Share this article       Photo: Maedin Tureaud   Stonehenge, on Salisbury plain in England, is one of the most recognizable monuments of the Neolithic world and one of

Best-in-Field Learning Principles

  http://www.csus.edu/tltr/assessment/7principles.htm Best-in-Field Learning Principles Do not think that I know what will work for your students! This is a world wide site and some teachers will find it helpful 1. Learning/teaching

The Epic of Gilgamesh Tablet 2

The Epic of Gilgamesh       Tablet II   Enkidu sits in front of her.     [The next 30 lines are missing; some of the fragmentary lines from 35 on

Epic of Gilgamesh Tablet 1

Epic of Gilgamesh part one                                 Tablet I   He who has seen everything, I will make

Ancient Mesopotamian Accounting, Money & Labor

Ancient Mesopotamian Accounting, Money & Labor

Ancient Mesopotamian Accounting, Money & Labor https://www.mint.com/ancient-mesopotamian-accounting-mone… In ancient times (starting approximately 5300 BC), Mesopotamia was an area that comprised of the modern regions of Iraq, south-east Turkey, north-east Syria, and the


I. Introduction: The Importance of Writing


I. Introduction: The Importance of Writinghttp://www.usu.edu/markdamen/1320Hist&Civ/chapters/16TOKENS.htm One of the most exciting recent developments in ancient history centers around the work of Denise Schmandt-Besserat, whose theory concerning the origin of writing in Mesopotamia,

Weaving

Pottery Images

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics Wynne Parry, LiveScience Senior Writer   |   May 02, 2012 10:41am ET 26 0 No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems

If the Stones Could Speak Searching for the Meaning of Stonehenge

If the Stones Could Speak Searching for the Meaning of Stonehenge By Caroline Alexander National Geographic Contributing Writer Photograph by Ken Geiger National Geographic Staff The first glimpse often comes from the

When Stones Speak

No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems to have been arranged to face the midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset. Credit: Pete Strasser | nasa.gov The stone slabs of

“When Stonehenge was built”

Research finds Stonehenge was monument marking unification of Britain After 10 years of archaeological investigations, researchers have concluded that Stonehenge was built as a monument to unify the peoples of Britain, after

Scara Brae

Europe’s lost civilization « on: April 02, 2008, 02:23:47 PM »   SKARA BRAE In 1866 on the Orkney Islands, a storm uncovered a group of neolithic structures on the west coast

If the Stones Could Speak

If the Stones Could Speak Searching for the Meaning of Stonehenge By Caroline Alexander National Geographic Contributing Writer Photograph by Ken Geiger National Geographic Staff The first glimpse often comes from the

Bhimbetka Caves have recorded the human history over some 300,000 years – or may be even 700,000 and more years!

It is amazing and even hard to grasp -Bhimbetka Caves have recorded the human history over some 300,000 years – or may be even 700,000 and more years! These caves contain the oldest

StoneHenge how it was built

January 3, 2014 For historical details, photos and more about Stonehenge, go to:- About Stonehenge Stonehenge: How it was built Ceremonial Use Visitors Comments Plan, elevation, size and age Visitor information: Times and

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics

The Stones Speak: Stonehenge Had Lecture Hall Acoustics Wynne Parry, LiveScience Senior Writer   |   May 02, 2012 10:41am ET   No one knows why ancient people built Stonehenge, but it seems to

Druids: Introduction

Druids: Introduction http://www.stonehenge-druids.org/druids.html                           Introduction Many of the first time visitors to this site are just curious or perhaps are

Stonehenge

6 Ancient Tributes to the Winter Solstice By Laura Poppick, Staff Writer   |   December 21, 2013 07:43am ET     This weekend marks the beginning of the end. Of winter’s darkness, that

Stonehenge: a digital laser scan

Maev Kennedy The Guardian, Monday 8 October 2012 Stonehenge: a digital laser scan has revealed tool marks from 4,500 years ago, and graffiti made by Victorian visitors. Like any corner-cutting modern builder,

The Amesbury Archer

The Amesbury Archer Early Bronze Age, about 2400-2200 BC Found at Amesbury, Wiltshire, England On a Friday morning in May 2002, archaeologists from Wessex Archaeology were excavating at Amesbury in advance of

1. Introduction

The huge stones that various countries have made remain something of a mystery.                   This is Stonehenge in England. This amazing place was build

2. Maps of Early England

It is always good to know where the objects are that are under discussion.                       There are thousands of Standing Stones which

STONEHENGE UNIFICATION OF BRITAIN

STONEHENGE UNIFICATION OF BRITAIN   Stonehenge : Wiki Commons   After 10 years of archaeological investigations, researchers have concluded that Stonehenge was built as a monument to unify the peoples of Britain,

Sounds from Flutes may have Inspired Stonehenge Design

    Sounds from Flutes may have Inspired Stonehenge Design by Alec Norton   February 18, 2012 07:00 PM EST 2 people recommend this | comments: 7   Simply put: If two

3.The standing stones in England

  Stonehenge  Think huge. This is one of the places which we cannot tell where the people of this apparently sacred place came from. What we do know is that there are

Student

The Beginnings of Civilization in the Near East

  Unit II  The Beginnings of Civilization in the Near East and Africa: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush  Suggested Time for the Unit: 8 weeks (40 class periods) Topics in Unit II: Suggested

The Beginnings of Civilization in the Near East and Africa: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush

The Beginnings of Civilization in the Near East and Africa: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush    http://www.history.ctaponline.org/center/hsscm/index.cfm?Page_Key=1432 This is a very long article which should be broused until you catch something that catches

A word for the Student

 Student ART Home   Edit This Welcome to A Hypertext Course in Art History and Architecture This course is designed to supply you with a number of learning tools for exploring and

A Word For the Teacher

A Word to the Teacher

A Word to the Teacher Applied History of Art and Architecture Hello and Welcome. The Applied History of Art and Architecture (AHAA) Educational Foundation is a 501(c)(3), not-for-profit organization. We are pleased

Tools for Learning: Personal Journals

  Tools for Learning: Personal Journals Journals are notebooks that you use like a diary, recording your thoughts feelings, questions, and research findings as you go through this course. Use it daily!

Tools for Learning: Creative Projects

Tools for Learning: Creative Projects There are many ways to learn, acquire,and absorb knowledge about art and art history. One of the ways to learn about the art of a given time

Welcome to A Hypertext Course in Art History and Architecture

A Word to the Student Edit This Welcome to A Hypertext Course in Art History and Architecture This course is designed to supply you with a number of learning tools for exploring

Meeting Needs

Meeting Needs   AHAA is responding to the need for greater access to art that has been mandated politically (Goals 2000) and recognized socially (“Art for Everyone”). Goals 2000, authored by the

The Arts and Academic Achievement:

The gathering of research about the effect of arts on individuals is an important part of the work of the AHAA Foundation. This piece can be found at https://csmp.ucop.edu/tcap/news/08_29_00.html      

Mission: What is it that we want to accomplish?

 Mission:  What is it that we want to accomplish?   ART Home   The Applied History of Art and Architecture (AHAA): Mission Statement   Mission: to increase access to art history instruction

Mission: What is it that we want to accomplish?

Mission: What is it that we want to accomplish?

A word to the teacher

A Word to the Teacher Applied History of Art and Architecture Hello and Welcome. The Applied History of Art and Architecture (AHAA) Educational Foundation is a 501(c)(3), not-for-profit organization. We are pleased

Gobetkle Tepe

Gobetkli Tepe specialised workshop areas as well as by the growing importance given to open courtyards as communal space (Cauvin 1977, 1997; Hauptmann 1993; Rosenberg et al. 1995; Özdo˘gan and Özdo˘gan 1998;

Gobetiki Tepe

1. Introduction to Gobeiki   Gobeiki in relative terms was recently discovered. As with most archeological finds this happened by mistake. It changed the worlds understanding of early temples and caused Malta

3. Mesopotamia Maps

Running through Mesopotamia are a number of great rivers which over flowed their banks each spring. This yearly process provided rich soil for all of the people in Mesopotamia. The rich soil

Crete

MFA Thesis

Katherine

Timeline Sumeria

Sumerian Timeline Fifth millennium: Early developments in Sumer Fourth millennium: Protoliterate period Third millennium: Rival kings & periods of unification includes Early Dynastic, Sargonic, & Ur III periods Second millennium’s first half:

Discovery of the most ancient Indian art

It is amazing and even hard to grasp -Bhimbetka Caves have recorded the human history over some 300,000 years – or may be even 700,000 and more years! These caves contain the oldest

Things to think about as you start Prehistoric Art

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ON A SEPERATE PIECE OF PAPER EVEN IF YOU KNOW THE ANSWER . SOMETHING DIFFERENT HAPPENS WHEN YOU WRITE THE ANSWER ON A PIECE OF PAPER     These

The Minotaur

Androgeus, son of Minos, had been killed by the Athenians, who were jealous of the victories he had won at the Panathenaic festival. Others say he was killed at Marathonby the Cretan bull, his mother’s former

Knossos — a history of the Palace

The Neolithic prologue and the Early Bronze Age The Palace of Knossos is located in North Central Crete just south of the outskirts of Heraklion on the Kephala hill. The site was

The contribution of Arthur Evans

The contribution of Arthur Evans On Friday 23 March 1900 at 11 a.m. Arthur Evans began his excavation of Knossos. Although he was not the first to excavate at the site, that

Zeus and Europa

The Myths of Crete     Early in the myths of Argos the priestess Io came to Egypt, had a son Epaphos by Zeus, and married the king of Egypt.  Libya, the daughter

Mythology Crete

CRETAN MYTHOLOGY What must primitive man have felt when, cocooned in the protection of his cave, he looked out and saw lightning flashing in the middle of a storm? Or just as

2. Where in the world is Crete?

In order to find Crete it is best to look at a map of the entire world?                     In the purple part of

3.The Palace of Knossos

Civilizations have been developed around the world out of these civilizations came great city states. Crete, a city state, built one of the most enormous palaces of the age.   This gives

Knossos-A discussion

  Knossos Knossos was undeniably the capital of Minoan Crete. It is grander, more complex, and more flamboyant than any of the other palaces known to us, and it is located about

1. Introduction to ancient Crete

This the first part of our journey between 2000 B.C.E. and 1000 B.C.E. is just beginning. Crete  will be under construction for some time.   This island made famous by mythology is

Knossos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to:Knossos Knossos (alternative spellings Knossus, Cnossus, Greek Κνωσσός,pronounced [knoˈsos]) is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site onCrete. The name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete. The

1. Introduction to The Cycladic Islands

  Introduction to the Cycladic  Islands     This  is one of the two island groups in the Mediterranean Sea that we take a look at. On the island of Malta you

3. Sculpture of the Cycladic Islands

The Cycladic islands are rich in minerals. The most important mineral that we need to know about is marble. The islands have great deal. The other important mineral is obsidian.  Obsidian comes

4. Cycladic Every day things

Currently we have very few images of the things that the people on these islands used in everyday life.       I suspect this phase was simply stunning before the ravages

3. Sculptures carved in three dimensions

There seems to be only one kind of really three-dimensional work and there are not many of these sculptures that survived the ravages of time and perhaps men who found them .

Which was the role of Cycladic marble figurines in funerary rituals?

Which was the role of Cycladic marble figurines in funerary rituals? Cycladic marble figurines are particular objects that for their style and shape already in ancient times have produced a great interest

Prehistoric Arts of the Eastern Mediterranean

Prehistoric Arts of the Eastern Mediterranean   February 11–May 4, 2003 at the Getty Center This exhibition, featuring the oldest works of art in the Museum’s collection, presents sculpture and vases from the

Cycladic civilization

Cycladic civilization (also known as Cycladic culture or The Cycladic period) is an Early Bronze Age culture of the Cyclades, Greece, in the Aegean Sea, spanning the period from approximately 3000 BC-2000

The Cyclades, a group of islands

  Department of Greek and Roman Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art   The Cyclades, a group of islands in the southwestern Aegean, comprises some thirty small islands and numerous islets. The

The Cyclades

    Department of Greek and Roman Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art   The Cyclades, a group of islands in the southwestern Aegean, comprises some thirty small islands and numerous islets.

Early Cycladic Art and Culture

Thematic Essay The Cyclades, a group of islands in the southwestern Aegean, comprises some thirty small islands and numerous islets. The ancient Greeks called them kyklades, imagining them as a circle (kyklos)

Early Cycladic Art

Early Cycladic Art Early Cycladic Art is divided into three periods (EC I (2800-2500 BCE), EC II (2500-2200 BCE), and EC III (2200-2000 BCE)), the art is by no means strictly confined

Depicting the female form-Cycladic Statues

From the Getty Museum   Depicting the female form   The vast majority of Cycladic figures are female among the existing examples only 5% depict men, and most of these are engaged

Archaeoacoustics of Malta

http://www.otsf.org/Archaeoacoustics.htm   If  You go to the url you will be able to see the images.     Below, Linda Eneix discusses innovative work in the field of archaeo-acoustics and neuroscience, indicators

HOW TO CARVE AN ELEPHANT

HOW TO CARVE AN ELEPHANT     http://mesacc.edu/dept/d10/asb/origins/hominid_journey/makers.html   The following readings are taken from Making Silent Stones Speak: Human Evolution and the Dawn of Technology by Kathy D. Schick and Nicholas

“The Orkney Imagination is haunted by time”
George Mackay Brown

“The Orkney Imagination is haunted by time”
George Mackay Brown T he Orkney Islands have a long and colourful history. It is no exaggeration to say that the isles are a place where

“The Orkney Imagination is haunted by time”
 George Mackay Brown   The Orkney Islands have a long and colourful history. It is no exaggeration to say that the isles are a place

Hypogeum of Malta

The Hypogeum            

Baby Tee’s

Megalithic Temples of Malta

Megalithic Temples of Malta * www.art-and-archaeology.com/malta/malta.html Prehistoric Temples Of Malta Photo Tours: Additional Links The prehistoric temples of Malta are unique in all the world. They are the oldest standing stone structures which

The Tarxien temple

The Tarxien temple Centuries before England’s more famous Stonehenge was built the Maltese settlers constructed several of these architectural marvels. The Tarxien temple and the Mnajdra temple complex at Hagar Qim were

Malta from a blog

Malta from a blog http://shraddhaz.blogspot.com/search?q=Prehistoric   This was a temple complex.The temple was “formally planned, had concave monumental façades, trilithion entrance passages, and pairs of lateral and terminal chambers built of tooled

Hand Painted Tee Shirts

This has been a fun project. Think of owning a piece of “art” that you can wear. So this is the new work.   Tee Shirt         #1  The

Wearable Art

    Here I am at home. Scarves will follow. The scarves are photographed in groups because the flow of color works better. Enjoy Silk Scarves            

2010 Desk Top Paintings

These are small paintings that can be placed on a desk top or shelf. Desk_Top_Paintings_2010 1.Magenta and green                           2.DeepForrest

1. The Temples at Malta An Introduction

 THE ISLANDS OF MALTA   Malta has no high mountains, no falling water and is sorrounded by the waters of the of the Mediterranean Sea. From the cragy cliffs of Malta one

2. Where is Malta

  Malta is a series of islands in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. Many people know little about its famous ancient temples. It is important that you know where you are

3.The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni

We begin our visit to the oldest underground temple from the street. The entire temple is under this part of Malta. I wonder what it might have been like to live in

4.The Standing Stones and Temples of Malta

    The Temples of Malta (4100 BCE-2500 BCE) 3000 BC: Dravidian speaking people develop the civilization of the Indus Vally Ġgantija phase (3600–3200 BC)   The temples of Malta are made

Red Monestary by Dr.Elizabeth Bolman

In conjunction with the exhibition Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition (on view March 14 through July 8, 2012), art historian Elizabeth Bolman introduces the Red Monastery project. Learn more:http://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2012/byzantium-and-islam

5.Sculpture and Architectural Decoration

Because of the sculptures found in various temples on Malta it is thought to be a female dominated mythology. Most but not all of these pictures were taken by Daniel Cilia.  

Information about Clay figures and toys

|by Sharri Clark| This article is hear so that you can have more information about the clay figures and toys from Harappa 1. A group of terracotta figurines from Harappa. After many

Early Developments of Art, Symbol and Technology in the Indus Valley Tradition

| by  Jonathan Mark Kenoyer | | Introduction | Archaeologists studying the emergence of early civilizations often focus on finely crafted art objects in order to understand aspects of economic, socio-political and religious organization. The

Hierakonpolis

http://www.egyptorigins.org/hierakonpolis.htm Hierakonpolis is one of the most important early archaeological sites in Egypt. The settlement and building of the city spans the time from 4000 BC when the elements of Egyptian society

The Facts about Paleolithic Community

http://www.faithwriters.com/article-details.php?id=33207 History of Mankind, A Brief Overview: Human history is the most complex one due to the mysterious facts surrounding it. Since the beginning of early human culture, several researches and studies

Gilgamesh and the Great Flood

This account of a great flood is from Tablet 11 of the Epic of Gilgamesh [1] Gilgameš spoke to Ut-napištim, the Faraway: “I have been looking at you, but your appearance is

Extraordinary claims. Ordinary investigations.

  http://forgetomori.com/2008/skepticism/dogu-figures-jomon-jedi/   Dogu figures: Jomon Jedi? April 22nd, 2008 by Mori Long before the invention of agriculture or the domestication of animals, the Japanese already lived on villages and cooked their